Category Archives: Historical Maps

BillionGraves.com vs. FindAGrave.com

BillionGraves.com vs. FindAGrave.com

01May2019

Vicki’s note – BillionGraves.com is a Volunteers contribution site similar to FindAGrave.com,and it is worth exploring to see if any of your ancestors may be listed there.  Their contest to increase volunteers photographing/documenting grave sites might be of interest to you.

BillionGraves.com  may have more more graves sites from worldwide cemeteries, as FindAGrave.com seems to specialize in grave site records for mostly the United States, although they do list worldwide cemeteries.  FindAGrave is now owned by Ancestry.com, and is a free on-line site at this time. 

BillionGraves is a free on-line site, and they also have a subscription for enhanced searching – https://billiongraves.com/bgplus-buy-now?returl=undefined

BillionGraves.com has an APP that you can download on your phone or tablet to use on site. FindAGrave does not have an APP, as far as I have seen. (Correction 29 May 2019 – see comment below.  FindaGrave does have an app.)

BillionGraves has a GPS connection shown on each grave site which helps on-site searching – “A satellite map of the cemetery opens with a GPS marker tagging your ancestor’s gravestone!”

FindAGrave has a designation to the GPS and Latitude/Longitude directions for the cemetery under “Show Map”  (once you look up the Cemetery by name/location).  You still have to find the headstone.

Hint – sourcing the cemetery/grave location site is best done by adding the Latitude/Longitude directions and the full address to the cemetery information on your family tree software and print records.  Following this Genealogical Proof Standard allows anyone to find the same information that you have found.

BillionGraves says –

“Our goal is to preserve precious records found in cemeteries throughout the world. We use modern technology to capture images of headstones with their GPS locations so users worldwide can access those records anywhere. BillionGraves strives to do just that: preserve at least one billion graves. And we won’t stop there!”

You can read more details on the differences between BillionGraves.com and FindAGrave.com by clicking on this link – https://blog.billiongraves.com/2019/04/17/what-is-the-difference-between-billiongraves-and-find-a-grave-part-i-researching/

This is the information that they sent to my email about the contest.:

“BillionGraves’ 8th annual Million More in May Competition has begun and we have some awesome prizes for you!

Read all about it HERE!

Let’s work together to add a million more records to the BillionGraves database in May! The more gravestone photos you take or records you transcribe, the bigger the prize!

And EVERYONE can be a winner! Come find out here how you can take photos of gravestones or by transcribing gravestone images to win great prizes like these:

  • iRobot Roomba Vacuum
  • WiFi and Cellular iPad
  • $500 of professional genealogical services
  • gravestone cleaning kits
  • Amazon gift cards
  • Echo Dot
  • BillionGraves Plus subscription
  • Bose headphones
  • and more!

Follow the top photographers and transcribers throughout the month of May on BillionGraves’ leaderboard!

We’re grateful for your contributions to bring more cemetery data to the genealogical world!

Thanks a Million (in May)!

The BillionGraves Team

P.S. Cemetery documentation with the free BillionGraves app is an awesome service project idea! If you would like some help planning a group cemetery event, send an email to volunteer@billiongraves.com and we will be happy to assist you!”

MCIGS McHenry County Illinois Genealogical Society 2019 Summer Conference

MCIGS McHenry County Illinois Genealogical Society 2019 Summer Conference

10 March 2019

Vicki’s note – my favorite stateline conference to attend. Great world-class speakers, nearby, inexpensive.  Speakers – Lisa Louise Cooke, Jay Fonkert, CG,

Michael Lacopo, DVM, and Diahan Southard.

I have gone the last few years and will be there this year:

 

MCIGS 2019 Summer Conference

Saturday, July 13, 2019
​8:00 am-3:30 pm
McHenry County College
8900 U.S. 14, Crystal Lake, IL 60012
Download a brochure

Registration

Early registration: (February 15, 2019 – June 15, 2019)

  • Members $50.00
  • Non-members $50.00*

​       * Due to an error in our marketing materials, all early registrants will receive the price of $50.00.

Late Registration: (Postmarked after June 16, 2019)

  • Everyone: $75.00

(Lunch not guaranteed for registrations received after 6/30/19)

$20 Fee will be charged for cancellations prior to 6/16/2019.
No Refunds after 6/16/2019.

We encourage you to register online for the event.  Alternatively, you may download a registration form and send in your payment.

Feb. 8, 2019 Program on Maps

 

Feb. 8, 2019 Program on Maps

2-5-2019

Vicki Ruthe Hahn

Here is the handout for the Stateline Genealogy Club February 8, 2019  program on maps.  Unfortunately, I will not be there due to not coordinating well from one year to the next.  I did not have my 2019 calendar when I planned a vacation to Arizona based on the schedules of my children and their families.  Guess what? February 8 is the second Friday of the month! Duh. Sorry about that.

The program will go on with some Beloit Library staff member starting the webinars.  I just wanted members to have an electronic copy of the links, so that you can access them more easily if needed.

BYU Brigham Young University is a great new resource that I found for learning how to do genealogy.

Have fun learning, and see you next time on March 8.  I endured the bitter double digits cold last week in Wisconsin, but I am avoiding the ice storms and cold again this week in sunny balmy 40 – 60 degrees Arizona.  Drive safely and stay warm.

 

February 8, 2019 Program “Using Maps in Genealogy” Handout

Stateline Genealogy Club @ Beloit Public Library

Play these videos:

Maps – BYU Family History Library (YouTube):

  • Locating Your Ancestors Exactly From Maps and Gazetteers – James Tanner = 56 minutes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mql6jnYZl8A&list=PLrVd522NA42MjVzq-fr9HSa2OornJZWYg&index=12

  • Land Ownership Maps – Nicky Smith (11 minutes; only play minutes 2 – 11) = 9 minutes.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4OSxjy-1-UU&index=13&list=PLrVd522NA42MjVzq-fr9HSa2OornJZWYg

  • S. Land Records – John Hendrix = 49 minutes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gWPPN9DUUSc&index=8&list=PLrVd522NA42MjVzq-fr9HSa2OornJZWYg

  • Sanborn Maps – Bonnie Barker= 6.30 minutes (turn down the volume to minimize hum)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zNKT4xiPKmo&list=PLrVd522NA42MjVzq-fr9HSa2OornJZWYg&index=6

 

Other BYU videos – Using Maps, (and other topics) are at:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7hqNOQt-2AfeVEpDuc7sCA/videos

Sanborn Maps:

BYU Family History Library Resources, unless otherwise noted, these are available on internet. https://sites.lib.byu.edu/familyhistory/alphabetical-list/#S

Book – “Fire Insurance Maps: Their History and Application”, by Diane L. Oswald

Maps Links:

Library of Congress – https://www.loc.gov/maps/?q=maps

David Rumsey Map Collection – https://www.davidrumsey.com/

University of Iowa – Counties Histories Atlases – http://digital.lib.uiowa.edu/atlases/

Google the Place Name plus Cadastral, Parcel, Land Ownership, Survey, Plat, Atlas, (plus Map)

WISCAT – https://www.wiscat.net/MVC/  – Interlibrary Loan thru your public library

OCLC World Cat – https://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=maps  –  Interlibrary Loan thru your public library

 

 

 

Mastering Maps, Atlases and Gazetteers Free Online Genealogy Course

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https://www.familytreemagazine.com/store/media/catalog/product/cache/2/image/650x/040ec09b1e35df139433887a97daa66f/m/a/mapsatlasesgaz500.jpg

Mastering Maps, Atlases and Gazetteers Free Online Genealogy Course

Find the Places Where Your Ancestors Lived

In this FREE independent study course, you’ll discover tips and tools for using old maps, atlases and gazetteers to find your ancestors and solve problems caused by shifting political boundaries and changing place names. Plus, you’ll get plenty of resources for finding the maps, atlases and gazetteers most relevant to your family history.
If you’ve been thinking of trying a Family Tree University online genealogy course, register today to give it a try!

This item is excluded from coupons, sales, and additional discounts.

SKU: R8507

Availability: In stock.

$59.99

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Other Travelers Part 10 – Tracing the 1918 Flu Epidemic

(Part of an On-going Series – “Other Travelers”)

by Vicki Ruthe Hahn – SGS Stateline Genealogy Sorter

Have you gotten the flu this season?

Not the 24 hour stomach flu (which is bad enough), but the upper respiratory Influenza A or B?  Flu has hit this year especially hard, killing several children. But it is nothing close to the amount of deaths in the Pandemic of 1918.

Perhaps your ancestors were affected by that epidemic – one hundred years ago this year?  Whole families were wiped out.

 

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Let’s get some insight:

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From Standford Children’s Health:

“What are the different types of influenza?

Influenza viruses are divided into three types designated as A, B, and C:

  • Influenza types A and B are responsible for epidemics of respiratory illness that occur almost every winter and often lead to increased rates of hospitalization and death. Public health efforts to control the impact of influenza focus on types A and B. One of the reasons the flu remains a problem is because the viruses actually change their structure regularly. This means that people are exposed to new types of the virus each year.
  • Influenza type C usually causes either a very mild respiratory illness or no symptoms at all. It does not cause epidemics and does not have the severe public health impact that influenza types A and B do….
  1. A person infected with an influenza virus develops antibodies against that virus.
  2. The virus changes.
  3. The “older” antibodies no longer recognizes the “newer” virus when the next flu season comes around.
  4. The person becomes infected again.

The older antibodies can, however, give some protection against getting the flu again. Currently, three different influenza viruses circulate worldwide: two type A viruses and one type B virus. Vaccines given each year to protect against the flu contain the influenza virus strain from each type that is expected to cause the flu that year.

What causes influenza?

An influenza virus is generally passed from person to person through the air. .. with infected person who sneezes or coughs. The virus can also live for a short time on objects …can get the flu virus by touching something that has been handled by someone infected with the virus and then touching his or her own mouth, nose, or eyes.

People are generally the most contagious with the flu 24 hours before they start having symptoms  (emphasis mine) and during the time they have the most symptoms. That’s why it is hard to prevent the spread of the flu, especially among children, because they do not always know they are sick while they are still spreading the disease. The risk of infecting others usually stops around the seventh day of the infection.”

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See the source image

Most entertainments, churches, social clubs, libraries, movie houses, etc. were eventually shut down.  But they tried wearing masks for awhile!

Officials Wearing Gauze Masks

Milkmen(?) braving the Flu to deliver milk to stores, and to people’s homes

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The Flu Epidemic rapidly made many children orphans, dependent on the care of others.

Many families died of neglect or starvation, remaining isolated in their homes, afraid to come out for supplies or medical attention.  Some neighbors were afraid to enter the homes of those who were sick.  So many medical doctors were in the War, ill, or overwhelmed.  anyone with medical training was asked to help, and some communities recruited  volunteers to care for the sick.

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From Standford University, by Molly Billings, June, 1997 modified RDS February, 2005:

“The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than the Great War, known today as World War I (WWI) … It has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history. More people died of influenza in a single year than in four-years of the Black Death Bubonic Plague from 1347 to 1351. Known as “Spanish Flu” or “La Grippe” the influenza of 1918-1919 was a global disaster…

In the two years that this scourge ravaged the earth, a fifth of the world’s population was infected. The flu was most deadly for people ages 20 to 40. This pattern of morbidity was unusual for influenza which is usually a killer of the elderly and young children. It infected 28% of all Americans (Tice).

An estimated 675,000 Americans died of influenza during the pandemic, ten times as many as in the world war. Of the U.S. soldiers who died in Europe, half of them fell to the influenza virus and not to the enemy (Deseret News). An estimated 43,000 servicemen mobilized for WWI died of influenza (Crosby). 1918 would go down as unforgettable year of suffering and death and yet of peace…

The effect of the influenza epidemic was so severe that the average life span in the US was depressed by 10 years.   (Emphasis mine.)…

In 1918 children would skip rope to the rhyme (Crawford):

 

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History is reflected in children’s games, and in songs.

(“Ring-around-the Rosie” is NOT from the time of the Black Plaque!)

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The mandatory gauze masks were not always very effective.  There is the story of 4 women who wore masks while playing cards one evening.  By the next morning three of them were dead from Influenza.

 

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In an effort to boost the War effort, President Woodrow Wilson (and others) initially tried to ignore the pandemic, and suppress news about it.  How depressing that so many of those who survived the war, ended up dying of influenza.  Whole shiploads of military men were affected, some never making it to serve in the War.

The cause of most of the deaths in this pandemic was the secondary pneumonia.  There were no antibiotics.  Influenza frequently has secondary infections – strep throat, ear infections, Pink Eye, etc.  But this time it was more than that. (see explanation below.)

Be alert if you see several people in your ancestor’s family die suddenly, and within a few days of each other, especially if between September 1918 and about June 1919.  A death certificate may not mention flu/influenza, but pneumonia, etc. as cause of death.  Or there might not have been a police officer/medical person/undertaker/county recorder available to make any registration. (see explanation below.)  Some members of the family may have been buried in a mass grave with no records.

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From History.com

The first wave of the 1918 pandemic occurred in the spring and was generally mild. The sick …experienced … typical flu symptoms….

However, a second, highly contagious wave of influenza appeared with a vengeance in the fall of that same year. Victims died within hours or days of developing symptoms, their skin turning blue and their lungs filling with fluid that caused them to suffocate….

Despite the fact that the 1918 flu wasn’t isolated to one place, it became known around the world as the Spanish flu, as Spain was hit hard by the disease and was not subject to the wartime news blackouts that affected other European countries. (Even Spain’s king, Alfonso XIII, reportedly contracted the flu.)

One unusual aspect of the 1918 flu was that it struck down many previously healthy, young people—a group normally resistant to this type of infectious illness—including a number of World War I servicemen…. Forty percent of the U.S. Navy was hit with the flu, while 36 percent of the Army became ill, and troops moving around the world in crowded ships and trains helped to spread the killer virus.

Although the death toll attributed to the Spanish flu is often estimated at 20 million to 50 million victims worldwide, other estimates run as high as 100 million victims. The exact numbers are impossible to know due to a lack of medical record-keeping in many places.

…Even President Woodrow Wilson reportedly contracted the flu in early 1919 while negotiating the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I.

When the 1918 flu hit, doctors and scientists were unsure what caused it or how to treat it. Unlike today, there were no effective vaccines or antivirals, drugs that treat the flu. (The first licensed flu vaccine appeared in America in the 1940s….)

Complicating matters was the fact that World War I had left parts of America with a shortage of physicians and other health workers. And of the available medical personnel in the U.S., many came down with the flu themselves.

Additionally, hospitals in some areas were so overloaded with flu patients that schools, private homes and other buildings had to be converted into makeshift hospitals, some of which were staffed by medical students.

Officials in some communities imposed quarantines, ordered citizens to wear masks and shut down public places, including schools, churches and theaters. People were advised to avoid shaking hands and to stay indoors, libraries put a halt on lending books and regulations were passed banning spitting… the Sanitary Code.”

The flu took a heavy human toll, wiping out entire families and leaving countless widows and orphans in its wake. Funeral parlors were overwhelmed and bodies piled up. Many people had to dig graves for their own family members.

The flu was also detrimental to the economy. In the United States, businesses were forced to shut down because so many employees were sick. Basic services such as mail delivery and garbage collection were hindered due to flu-stricken workers.

In some places there weren’t enough farm workers to harvest crops. Even state and local health departments closed for business, hampering efforts to chronicle the spread of the 1918 flu and provide the public with answers about it.

By the summer of 1919, the flu pandemic came to an end, as those that were infected either died or developed immunity.

Almost 90 years later, in 2008, researchers announced they’d discovered what made the 1918 flu so deadly: A group of three genes enabled the virus to weaken a victim’s bronchial tubes and lungs and clear the way for bacterial pneumonia.

Since 1918, there have been several other influenza pandemics, although none as deadly.”

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The 1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic was world wide:

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The ultimate “other Travelers” in this story are the viruses and bacteria that exploded throughout the world for those 15 months 1918 – 1919.

PBS has a very good “American Experience” documentary of the topic

Aired January 2, 2018

Influenza 1918

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/influenza/

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The American military in World War I and the influenza pandemic were closely connected. Influenza spread in The crowded conditions of military camps in the United States and in the trenches of the Western Front in Europe. The virus traveled with military personnel from camp to camp and across the Atlantic military transit ships.  September – November 1918, influenza and pneumonia sickened many in the military at the height of the American military involvement in the war.  This affected the war.

US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health

Public Health Rep. 2010; 125(Suppl 3): 82–91.

INFLUENZA IN THE CAMPS

(read the entire article by clicking the links above.)

“…the virus traveled west and south, arriving at Camp Grant, Illinois, on Saturday, September 21, 1918, with 70 hospital admissions. “So sudden and appalling was the visitation that it required the greatest energy and cooperation of every officer, every man, and every nurse to meet the emergency,” wrote one observer.4 (p. 749) Hospital admissions rose to 194, then 370, then 492, to a high of 788 admissions on September 29. Hospital officials summoned all officers on leave, converted barracks to hospital wards, and by “extreme effort” expanded the hospital capacity from “10 occupied beds to a capacity of 4,102 beds in six days.”4 (p.751)

Influenza still overwhelmed every department. The hospital laboratory resorted to local civilian facilities to perform specimen tests. Camp ophthalmologists saw patients with conjunctivitis, an influenza complication, and ear, nose, and throat specialists saw those with other dangerous secondary infections. As individuals became seriously ill, camp officials sent out “danger” or “death” telegrams to families and loved ones, but soon they received so many return calls, telegrams, and visitors, they had to set up a separate hospital tent as an information bureau. Medical personnel were not immune. Eleven of the 81 medical officers fell ill, and three civilian and three Army nurses died. The epidemic even caused the Medical Department to drop its prohibition on black nurses so that Camp Grant called African American nurses to care for patients. The women had to wait, however, until separate, segregated accommodations could be constructed.”

 

National Archives: World War I Centennial

As the largest repository of American World War I records, the National Archives invites you to browse the wealth of records and information documenting the U.S. experience in this conflict, including photographs, documents, audiovisual recordings, educational resources, articles, blog posts, lectures, and events.

Veteran’s Service Records:

https://www.archives.gov/veterans

 

 

 

FamilySearch.org “Homework” for Stateline Genealogy Club Program February 9, 2018

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Finding Elusive Records on FamilySearch

Relatives Around Me

Finding the (ED) Enumeration District numbers on a Census – More Information

Finding the (ED) Enumeration District numbers on a Census – More Information

11-28-2017 Vicki’s Note –  Here is more information from this Family Tree magazine article.

I did find some of my Ancestor’s ED numbers on these sites.  They lived in a rural area, so no house address was found.  The maps are not complete, but if you find one, it may help you understand the geographical relationship of ED areas to each other/neighborhoods.:

Research Roadmap: Enumeration District Maps

https://www.familytreemagazine.com/premium/research-roadmap-ed-maps/

“What are enumeration districts? Since 1880, the US Census Bureau has divided states into numbered enumeration districts (EDs) to organize enumerators’ efforts. Each ED was sized such that one census-taker (enumerator) could count the population there in a day. You can find ED numbers for your ancestor’s hometown using the Unified Census ED Finder tool.”

“Most surviving ED maps are at the National Archives and Records Administration. On Family­Search.org, you can browse a collection of these maps from the censuses taken between 1910 and 1940, organized by state and county.”

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Further information can be found on my May 26, 2017 BLOG posting – click below:

How do I find out what the dwelling number was on a street by using the (ED) Enumeration District numbers on a Census?

Two Additional Genealogy Programs by Vicki Ruthe Hahn – Sept. 25 and Oct. 23, 2017 at NSLD, IL.

Two Additional Genealogy Programs by Vicki Ruthe Hahn –

Sept. 25 and Oct. 23, 2017 at NSLD, North Suburban Library District, Illinois:

These are both free 1 hour classes available to all.

NSLD/Loves Park

6340 N. Second St.

Loves Park, IL 61111

 

NSLD/Roscoe

5562 Clayton Circle

Roscoe, IL 61073

 

www.northsuburbanlibrarydistrict.org

Facebook.com/NorthSuburbanLibrary

 

“Family History for Beginners, and Detective Techniques for Experienced Genealogists”

Monday, September 25 from 2-3pm at NSLD Roscoe, Illinois

 

Effectively find the most that you can about your family history with hands-on exercises, and examples.  Be successful using basic genealogy research methods. Learn how to: search archives and on-line, record evidence, organize your genealogy, use timelines and “FAN” clubs, analyze records, and find missing clues based on what you know, etc.

 

 

Research Your Overseas Ancestors Without Going ‘Across the Pond’”

Monday, October 23 from 2-3 at NSLD Loves Park, Illinois

 

Learn how to find your immigrant ancestors’ information in U.S. records, in over-seas on-line genealogy databases, and in other, mostly-free, resources. How histories and maps help track their immigrations. What to do about language barriers. 

 

statelinegenealogyclub @ Beloit Public Library - Vicki RUTHE HAHN

Vicki Ruthe Hahn  – Public Services Librarian, Beloit Public Library, WI – BA and MLIS University of Illinois.  Blog creator of “StatelineGenealogyClub.Wordpress.com” 2014 ; founder of Stateline Genealogy Club @ Beloit Public Library 2012.  “Stateline Genealogy Sorter” SGS, with a background in Anthropology, History, clothing history, and teaching, she sorts out mysteries, rediscovers histories, weaves stories, and helps people with their family genealogy and local history,  specializing from Central Illinois to Central Wisconsin. 

 

Sanborn and Animap

Vicki’s note – here is information and links to two map sources – Library of Congress Sanborn maps on-line; and a software called Animap by The Gold bug:  

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Library of Congress Sanborn maps on-line:

https://www.loc.gov/collections/sanborn-maps/

About this Collection

The Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps Online Checklist provides a searchable database of the fire insurance maps published by the Sanborn Map Company housed in the collections of the Geography and Map Division. The online checklist is based upon the Library’s 1981 publication Fire Insurance Maps in the Library of Congress and will be continually updated to reflect new acquisitions.

Fire Insurance Maps
in the Library of
Congress. 1981

The online checklist also contains links to existing digital images from our collection and will be updated as new images are added. If you have any questions, comments, or are interested in obtaining reproductions from the collection, please Ask A Librarian.

The Sanborn maps are arranged by state, then city and release data. Currently there are over 25,000 sheets from over 3000 city sets online in the following states: AK, AL, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, GA, ID, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NV, OH, OK, PA, SD, TX, VA, VT, WY and Canada, Mexico, Cuba sugar warehouses, and U.S. whiskey warehouses.

AND

http://goldbug.com/animap/ 

Finding an old town that has long-since disappeared from the map. Find a known location that is not now in the same county that it was 100 or 200 years ago.
goldbug.com

 

SITEFINDER DATABASES INCLUDED

SiteFinder contains listings for more than one million places in the United States including more than 120,000 variant names. Each listing gives the name of the place, the county where it is (or was) located, and includes latitude-longitude coordinates for 95% of them. With a few mouse clicks, you can pluck items from SiteFinder and plot them on the maps in AniMap … complete with labels.

Included in the listings are: Cities & towns, Locales (includes railroad stations, trading posts, farms & ranches, plantations, ruins, ghost towns …and more). Other categories which you can search for separately or in combination include courthouses, cemeteries, churches, schools, islands, townships and more.

Much of the information in SiteFinder has been extracted from the US Geological Survey files and records of the US Post Office. More than 50,000 of the locations are places that are no longer in existence or those that have had name changes. While it does not list every place that ever existed, we believe you will find it to be the best source available.

 

 

Confusing Locations Solved

Confusing Locations Solved

by Vicki Ruthe Hahn

July 3, 2017

I hope you are having as much fun doing genealogy this July 4th Weekend as I am.

This is something I discovered lately that sure helped me solve some confusing and conflicting references to locations.  There are several locations in my Illinois families, (and my Pennsylvania families) that I know are the same places.  Yet they are referred to by several different names in different citations.  It was not even the usual – “location names change with time.”

Those who live on farms often refer to themselves as living “in” the nearest town.  For instance, my Illinois families consistently said they lived in Table Grove, Illinois even though it was 3 miles from their farms. (And then some moved to the town!)

To confuse matters more, I figured out that many locations have four levels of names.  Not just the township or city, county, and state, but another local level of a unique name for a specific area in a township. People from there refer interchangeably to only one, or the other, of the two lowest location levels.

Neither Pennington Point, New Salem Township, McDonough, Illinois nor Foster Point, Eldorado Township, McDonough, Illinois were towns.  They were just names given to communities of farms that had a church and a one-room schoolhouse in them.

My family’s Illinois records would irregularly refer to either Pennington Point or New Salem; or to Foster Point or Eldorado.   I am finding the same variable references to locations for my Pennsylvania families.

Looking at a good local map helps to see these tiny niche names.